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Updates: 2019/01-02) Fallujah PTSD Victims-Marines;2018/09/02-clay-hunt;08/26/2018 Fallujah battles added; 07/19/2018 Iraqi Freedom deaths American military Iraq; 07/17/2018Page started 07/14/2018 IN THIS SECTION:   Quick Links (separate page)   Excerpted Links     OIF/Operation Iraqi Freedom     Fallujah/OIF (Op. Iraqi Freedom)/ Battles 1&2       Fallujah/PTSD Victims (Marlboro Marine, Tan Mai)   Fallujah- US Marine Death Dealers New Dawn     Inherent Resolve     Clay Hunt (suicide bill) See also - Veterans section: Veterans Positive Constructs     Veterans Resources     Veterans     Vietnam/Agent Orange     Veterans Medal of Honor TBI See also - Middle East topics:  Afghanistan     Arabian Nights Effect     Hamas     Iraq    Islam-Various Topics     Islam-Names of Terrorists  Mesmerism in Muslims     Muslim Mafia     OPERATIONS AND WARS - AMERICAN MILITARY “Combat in Iraq, however, is not entirely like combat in Afghanistan….We often talk about veterans of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan in the same breath, as if American soldiers fighting in the 21st century were engaged in largely interchangeable experiences wherever they've been "over there." Researchers often combine veterans of the two wars into the same suicide and depression statistics. They're compared in a single class to veterans of earlier wars in the Persian Gulf, Vietnam, Korea or World War II.  And it's true that they deploy from America under comparable circumstances, as members of a U.S. military that's fighting longer wars and is more isolated at home from the U.S. public than ever….”  The Washington Post (2014) See below IRAQ CONFLICT (2003–present) https ://en dotwikipedia dot org/wiki/Iraq_conflict_(2003%E2%80%93present) The Iraqi conflict (2003–present) is a long-running armed conflict that began with the 2003 invasion of Iraq by a United States-led coalition that toppled the government of Saddam Hussein. However, the conflict continued as an insurgency emerged to oppose the occupying forces and the post-invasion Iraqi government.[1] The United States officially withdrew from the country in 2011, but became re-involved in 2014 at the head of a new coalition. This intervention ended in 2017 with the loss of Islamic State territory in Iraq. https: //en dot wikipedia dot org/wiki/Iraq_conflict_(2003%E2%80%93present) CNN: (2013/10/30) Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation New Dawn Fast Facts (CNN Library) https://www.cnn.com/2013/10/30/world/meast/operation-iraqi-freedom-and-operation-new-dawn-fast-facts/index.html December 15, 2011 - American troops lower the flag of command that flies over Baghdad, officially ending the US military mission in Iraq. December 18, 2011 - The last US troops in Iraq cross the border into Kuwait. https://www.cnn.com/2013/10/30/world/meast/operation-iraqi-freedom-and-operation-new-dawn-fast-facts/index.html OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM/OIF Start March 19, 2003 History dot com: Bush announces launc Operation Iraqi Freedom https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/bush-announces-the-launch-of-operation-iraqi-freedom Politico: (2017/03): Bush announces launch operation Iraqi Freedom March 19, 2003 https://www.politico.com/story/2017/03/bush-announces-launch-of-operation-iraqi-freedom-march-19-2003-236134 CNN: (2013/10/30) Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation New Dawn Fast Facts https://www.cnn.com/2013/10/30/world/meast/operation-iraqi-freedom-and-operation-new-dawn-fast-facts/index.html September 6, 2004 - The number of US troops killed in Iraq reaches 1,000. December 30, 2006 - The number of US troops killed in Iraq reaches 3,000. March 22, 2008 - The number of US troops killed in Iraq reaches 4,000. February 27, 2009 - President Barack Obama announces a date for the end of US combat operations in Iraq: August 31, 2010. June 30, 2009 - US troops pull back from Iraqi cities and towns and Iraqi troops take over the responsibility for security operations. However, US troops remain in the country to continue combat operations and patrols in rural areas. August 19, 2010 - The last US combat brigade leaves Iraq. A total of 52,000 US troops remain in the country. September 1, 2010 - Operation Iraqi Freedom is renamed Operation New Dawn to reflect the reduced role US troops will play in securing the country. https://www.cnn.com/2013/10/30/world/meast/operation-iraqi-freedom-and-operation-new-dawn-fast-facts/index.html FALLUJAH (Iraq) “Fallujah. The word alone conjures up grim images of Iraq’s most intense urban combat, of insurgent snipers and dark narrow streets riddled with explosives, of militants lying in wait for days to kill Americans with assault rifles and grenades.”--Christian Science Monitor (2014) See below First Battle of Fallujah (Operation Vigilant Resolve) 2004 Part of the Iraq War The First Battle of Fallujah, also known as Operation Vigilant Resolve, was an operation to root out extremist elements of Fallujah as well as an attempt to apprehend the perpetrators of the killing of four U.S. contractors in March 2004. The chief catalyst for the operation was the highly publicized killing and mutilation of four Blackwater USA private military contractors,[9] and the killings of five American soldiers in Habbaniyah a few days earlier. The battle polarized public opinion within Iraq. 82nd Airborne Division first entered the city on 23 April 2003, and approximately 150 members of Charlie Company occupied al-Qa'id primary https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Battle_of_Fallujah Second Battle of Fallujah (Al-Fajr, Phantom Fury)  2004 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Battle_of_Fallujah The Second Battle of Fallujah—code-named Operation Al-Fajr (Arabic: [sic] "the dawn") and Operation Phantom Fury—was a joint American, Iraqi, and British offensive in November and December 2004, considered the highest point of conflict in Fallujah during the Iraq War. It was led by the U.S. Marine Corps against the Iraqi insurgency stronghold in the city of Fallujah and was authorized by the U.S.-appointed Iraqi Interim Government. The U.S. military called it "some of the heaviest urban combat U.S. Marines have been involved in since the Battle of Huế City in Vietnam in 1968."The second battle was the bloodiest battle of the entire Iraq War,[20] and is notable for being the first major engagement of the Iraq War fought solely against insurgents rather than the forces of the former Ba'athist Iraqi government, which was deposed in 2003. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Battle_of_Fallujah Some people associated with Fallujah with PTSD James Blake Miller (Marine Corporal) CNN: (2013/03/19) Iraq War Contractors/Sub-Topic Marine haunted by Fallujah  a Marine from Fallujah with PTSD-Luis Sinco-look on page for video link called Marine Haunted by Fallujah. The Marlboro Marine is photographer Luis Sinco's portrait of Marine Corporal James Blake Miller, whom he met in Iraq. For Miller, coming home has been its own battle. https://www.cnn.com/2013/03/19/business/iraq-war-contractors/index.html Tan Mai (Marine Sergeant) Desert Sun: (2014/03/24) As the first battle for Fallujah raged, Sgt. Tan Mai camped in a dump on the city's northern edge, where the wafting stench of bodies mixed with garbage, diesel and human waste. Gunfire blasted from buildings and alleyways. Flies were relentless. Emaciated dogs circled, waiting to make a meal out of anyone killed by a sniper. Sleep came in two-hour shifts or not at all.  Mai and 26 other Marines spent three weeks in this landfill, hiding by berms built from garbage, living out of Humvees, ducking from the constant threat of insurgent fire. These were the "worst three weeks" of Mai's life, and although he survived the fight for Fallujah, he did not leave the war zone unsca https://www.desertsun.com/story/news/2014/03/24/marine-ptsd-twentynine-palms-shock-war/6698933/ Albin, Cameron (Marine Captain, Charlie Company executive officer) “There was a sense of importance, and clarity of purpose, that doesn’t seem to exist in civilian society,” says Capt. Cameron Albin, the former company executive officer, who has suffered heavily from PTSD since Fallujah and is now turning his life around in Austin, Texas. “Reinventing oneself is not easy.... At one point, I was competent, capable, respected, and felt as though I could accomplish anything. Then it all evaporated, and I felt utterly useless, worthless. Regaining even a fraction of my previous confidence is a daily challenge.” https://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Military/2014/1107/Fallujah-anniversary-Tracking-down-the-US-Marine-Death-Dealers  Fallujah- US Marine Death Dealers Christian Science Monitor: (2014/11/07) Fallujah Anniversary Tracking down the US Marine Death Dealers. By Scott Peterson https://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Military/2014/1107/Fallujah-anniversary-Tracking-down-the-US-Marine-Death-Dealers Afghanistan versus Iraq - Stressors, PTSD Washington Post: (2014/04/030 Why the Iraq War has produced more PTSD than the conflict in Afghanistan https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2014/04/03/why-the-iraq-war-has-produced-more-ptsd-than-the-conflict-in- afghanistan/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.e8691776bcce Combat in Iraq, however, is not entirely like combat in Afghanistan. And research consistently concludes that veterans are returning from Iraq, where the troubled shooter in Wednesday's Fort Hood tragedy served, with what appears to be greater exposure to stressors and higher levels of PTSD. The Fort Hood shooter, an Army truck driver named Ivan Lopez, was reportedly undergoing evaluation for PTSD.Some numbers from the Department of Veterans Affairs estimate that PTSD affects about 11 percent of veterans of the war in Afghanistan, but 20 percent of veterans who served in Iraq. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2014/04/03/why-the-iraq-war-has-produced-more-ptsd-than-the- conflict-in-afghanistan/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.e8691776bcce Fort Hood Killer Lopez, Ivan (Army Truck Driver) https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2014/04/03/why-the-iraq-war-has-produced-more-ptsd-than-the- conflict-in-afghanistan/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.e8691776bcce https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/checkpoint/wp/2015/01/23/army-details-the-downward-spiral-of-the-fort-hood- shooter-ivan-lopez/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.8869a3c22eaf The Fort Hood shooter, an Army truck driver named Ivan Lopez, was reportedly undergoing evaluation for PTSD. (Washington Post (2014/04/03) OPERATION NEW DAWN (2010) Army dot mil: Operation New Dawn https://www.army.mil/article/44526/operation_new_dawn CNN: (2013/10/30) On 17 February 2010, U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates announced that as of 1 September, the name "Operation Iraqi Freedom" would be replaced by "Operation New Dawn". https://www.cnn.com/2013/10/30/world/meast/operation-iraqi-freedom-and-operation-new-dawn-fast-facts/index.html OPERATION INHERENT RESOLVE (OIR) American-led intervention in Iraq (2014–present) https://en.wikipedia dot org/wiki/American-led_intervention_in_Iraq_(2014%E2%80%93present) Wikipedia: Operation Inherent Resolve https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Inherent_Resolve (OIR) is the U.S. military's operational name for the military intervention against the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIL, in the vernacular, Daesh),[106] including both the campaign in Iraq and the campaign in Syria. Since 21 August 2016, the U.S. Army's XVIII Airborne Corps has been responsible for Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve (CJTF- OIR) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Inherent_Resolve Inherent Resolve dot mil: http://www.inherentresolve.mil/ Please notice the symbol for Inherent Resolve: Some recent activities as of July 2018: Daesh has no safe haven in Iraq July 17, 2018 - SOUTHWEST ASIA - Iraqi Security Forces, including the Peshmerga, conducted coordinated clearance operations July 16 to eliminate Daesh presence in Iraq. Maghawir al-Thowra Captures Eleven Daesh Fighters in Southern Syria July 13, 2018 - SOUTHWEST ASIA – The Maghawir al-Thowra, an Operation Inherent Resolve partner force in Syria, detained 11 Daesh fighters inside the 55-kilometer deconfliction zone in southern Syria, July 10, 2018. Coalition and Iraqi artillery supports Operation Roundup July 13, 2018 - SOUTHWEST ASIA -- South of Sinjar, Iraq near the Syrian border, Iraqi and Coalition troops lived and worked side-by-side for more than a month as they shelled Daesh in Syria. Maghawir al-Thowra Captures Daesh Fighters in 55km Deconfliction Zone July 7, 2018 - SOUTHWEST ASIA -- The Maghawir al-Thowra, an Operation Inherent Resolve (OIR) partner force in Syria, detained nine Daesh fighters who were traveling through the 55-kilometer deconfliction zone (DCZ), located in southern Syria.U.S. senators see Coalition and partner security efforts, need for international stabilization efforts in Iraq and Syria July 6, 2018 - SOUTHWEST ASIA -- Three United States senators and key staff joined Combined Joint Task Force - Operation Inherent Resolve in Iraq and Syria this week. Guardian: (2014/10/16) Operation Inherent Resolve ISIS War Name https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/oct/16/operation-inherent-resolve-isis-war-name-us-military La Times (2014/10/15) Operation Inherent Resolve ISIS http://www.latimes.com/world/worldnow/la-fg-operation-inherent-resolve-isis-20141015-story.html Clay Hunt Obama White House Archives: Clay Hunt Act What President Just Signed (02/12/2015) https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/blog/2015/02/12/clay-hunt-act-what-president-just-signed Excerpt: Today, President Obama signed the Clay Hunt Act into law in the East Room of the White House.  The new suicide prevention law is named in honor of Clay Hunt, an extraordinary young Texan and decorated Marine who served with distinction in Iraq and Afghanistan. Like too many of our veterans, Clay struggled with depression and post-traumatic stress after he came home. Sadly, Clay’s life ended much too soon when he tragically committed suicide in 2011 at the age of only 28.  The Clay Hunt Suicide Prevention for American Veterans (SAV) Act is a testament to the type of man that Clay Hunt was — even after his death, his legacy of helping veterans lives on.  In America, our veterans and troops are still struggling. As a country, we must do more to help our veterans deal with injuries like post-traumatic stress and depression. https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/blog/2015/02/12/clay-hunt-act-what-president-just-signed CBS: The life and death of clay hunt Byron Pitts is the correspondent. David Schneider, producer.(03/13/2013) https://www.cbsnews.com/news/the-life-and-death-of-clay-hunt/ One of the leading causes of death for American military forces right now is suicide. In 2012, 349 active members of the Armed Forces took their own lives, more than who died in combat. When you add the suicides among veterans, the numbers are staggering. The VA estimates that as many as 22 veterans a day die by their own hands. Twenty-two each day. This is the story of one: Clay Hunt from Houston, Texas, a Marine veteran who served in Iraq and Afghanistan. After four years of a downward spiral, he took his own life in 2011. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/the-life-and-death-of-clay-hunt/ https://www.congress.gov/bill/114th-congress/house-bill/203 IAVA:Campaign to Combat Suicide: Clay Hunt SAV Act Update. By Jackie Maffucci (11/15/2017) https://iava.org/blogs/campaign-to-combat-suicide-clay-hunt-sav-act-update/ In IAVA’s most recent member survey, 65 percent of IAVA members said they know a post-9/11 veteran who has attempted suicide while 58% know a post-9/11 veteran that has died by suicide. These numbers are up 12 percent and 13 percent respectively since 2014. Thirty-seven percent told us they themselves have considered suicide since joining the military. These data highlight just how critical this issue is to our members… it’s personal. Over my tenure as Research Director, for four years running, IAVA members have identified suicide prevention and mental health as the most important issue for post-9/11 veterans.These are the data that led to the development of IAVA’s Campaign to Combat Suicide in 2014, and our advocacy on behalf of the Clay Hunt Suicide Prevention for American Veterans Act (SAV Act), passed into law in February 2015. Since its passage, IAVA has been monitoring the implementation of this bill. Below is an update as of 3rd QTR FY 2017: https://iava.org/blogs/campaign-to-combat-suicide-clay-hunt-sav-act-update/ EXCERPTED LINKS IAVA https://iava.org/ Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans of America, is a nonprofit 501c3 veterans organization founded by Paul Rieckhoff, an American writer, social entrepreneur, advocate, activist and veteran of the United States Army and the Iraq War. 2017 was the 13th year since IAVA’s founding and one of solid impacts. In the first half of the 115th Congress, despite the nastiest, most divisive time in recent memory, we scored several important legislative victories for veterans that will serve to connect, unite and empower Post-9/11 veterans for many years to come. But there is much more to be done in 2018. As over 3 million men and women have now served since 9/11, this is a pivotal year for America to invest in their potential to take our nation forward for the next generation. The Big six - IAVA’s policy priorities for 2018L: 1. sustain Campaign to Combat Suicide Among Troops and Veterans  2. Sustain Campaign to Recognize and Improve Services for Women Veterans  3. Defend Veteran and Military Education Benefits  4. Defend and Reform Government  Support for Today’s Veterans  5. Initiate Support for Injuries from Burn Pits and other  Toxic Exposures  6. Initiate Empowerment of Veterans Who Want to Utilize Cannabis https://iava.org/ IVAW-American Veterans against the war http://www.ivaw.org/ (2017) IVAW Statement on Syria Strikes -Posted to: Staff  April 12, 2017 Iraq Veterans Against the War (IVAW) condemns in no uncertain terms the bombing of Sharyat airbase in Syria six days ago by Donald Trump’s administration. As veterans of the unending and expanding wars conducted over the last 16 years, we know intimately that U.S. military intervention exacerbates and further militarizes conflicts overseas and that the people who pay the greatest price are the everyday people of occupied nations. We also know that this is not the first time our military has been used in the Syrian conflict. U.S. bombs have been dropped on Syria under both the Trump and Obama administrations, resulting in more than a thousand civilian deaths. http://www.ivaw.org/ Columbus Dispatch: Are burn pits the new Agent Orange? As Iraq veterans suffer, the comparisons grow http://www.dispatch.com/news/20180607/are-burn-pits-new-agent-orange-as-iraq-veterans-suffer-comparisons-grow Huffington Post: How Many U.S. Soldiers Were Wounded in Iraq? Guess Again. By Dan Froomkin (2012/02/29) https://www.huffingtonpost.com/dan-froomkin/iraq-soldiers-wounded_b_1176276.html Japan Times15 years on, for many Iraq War veterans the effects of trauma are an ongoing battle https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2018/03/23/world/many-iraq-war-veterans-debilitating-effects-trauma-ongoing- battle/#.W0pCMdJKhJk U.S. Marines stand guard outside the Ministry of Oil in Baghdad, Iraq, on April 19, 2003, soon after the start of the Iraq War. Millions of veterans now deal with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, or PTSD, which has been especially prevalent after brutal urban fighting in the conflict that began 15 years ago this month New York Times: (2012) US Military Deaths in Iraq and Afghanistan: (2012/02/28) https://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/28/us/us-military-deaths-in-iraq-and-afghanistan.html The Department of Defense has identified 4,477 American service members who have died since the start of the Iraq war and 1,888 who have died as part of the Afghan war and related operations.
Human Issues/Veterans Iraq, Afghanistan, etc.